Three Primary Wicker Furniture Eras

In this post, I am resurrecting a regular series I began in 2009, talking about–Antique Wicker Furniture.

Wednesday seemed to be a good day of the week to focus on this topic and so began the Wednesday Wicker Wisdom series of posts.

wicker rocker plant support

Here are a few pictures showing some pieces from the three primary antique wicker furniture eras of the Wicker Furniture Industry that began right here in the United States.

Of course, there were many more years that wicker furniture has been made over the centuries but these three are the most predominant and popular.

The three primary wicker furniture eras are:

  • The Victorian Era (1860s-1890s)
  • Turn of the Century (1900s-1920s) 
  • Machine Age (1920s-1940s)

Wicker furniture collage showing wicker rockers from the Victorian era, Turn of the Century era, and the Machine Age era.

VICTORIAN WICKER 1860s-1890s


The Victorian Wicker Furniture era pieces were made up almost entirely of rattan reed poles or steam-bent hardwoods for the frames, round and flat rattan reed pith for the weavings and embellishments, and/or wrappings of cane or rattan reed pith.

The Victorian period wicker pieces came complete with elaborate ornamentation like curlicues and beads.

And sometimes, woven motifs on the backs appeared in the shape of sailboats, moons, stars, hearts, violins, initials, and animals. Since this was not done on a great scale, any wicker pieces that do have motifs are considered more valuable than those without any motifs.

Many times wicker pieces were also woven with complicated designs in the backs or handwoven caned back panels and under arms were woven using fancy spider-web or Star of David designs or patterns.

The Victorian Era Wicker Furniture pieces most often had close-woven, solid, sheet cane webbing in the seats.

Solid cane webbing was used rather than the open weave octagon pattern used in the hole-to-hole cane seats, so as not to detract from the fancy embellished wicker backs and arms.

Victorian wicker heart-shape settee
Victorian Era Reed Wicker Settee
victorian reed wicker chair
Victorian Era Reed Wicker Chair

RELATED: Antique Wicker Furniture Motifs

TURN OF THE CENTURY–1900s-1920s

The Turn of the Century Wicker Furniture era included the short-lived Art Nouveau, influence based on natural forms, characterized by flowing, wavelike lines.

These pieces were all handmade, done with natural materials and lasted until shortly after the turn of the 18th century.

It also included the invention of the man-made twisted paper fibre of 1904, which became known as “paper wicker or paper fibre.”

Turn of the Century wicker furniture was also made up of the Mission-style wicker introduced by Gustav Stickley, which had straight lines and open latticework, plain styles and designs.
 

1910s wicker Bar Harbor chair
1910s Bar Harbor wicker magazine chair
Heywood-Wakefield sewing cabinet restored
Late 1910s Heywood-Wakefield reed wicker sewing cabinet, restored.
reed-wicker-table-lamp
Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Company- 1920s Reed Wicker Lamp
Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Company lamp label
Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Company Lamp Label

MACHINE AGE–1920-1940s

 
During the Machine Age Wicker Furniture Industry, came the invention of the mechanized Lloyd Loom which eliminated much of the manual workforce.

Paper rush or paper fibre wicker was now mass-produced and included a wire core center for spoke support on backs and under the arms, weaver strands were still used without the wire core.

Upholstered backs and seat cushions were now the rage, eventually incorporating inner-spring seats.

At the tail end of the Machine Age was the Art Deco style, utilizing paper fibre rush characterized by fancywork of multi-colored diamond patterns woven into backs of chairs and settees.

And stick wicker was also introduced at this time with its simple designs using round, skin-on rattan poles. Stick wicker sets were frequently made in sets with tables, chairs, couches and lamps to use either inside or on a covered porch.

RELATED: Paper Fibre Rush Wicker

1920s Lloyd Loom wicker baby cart
Lloyd Loom wicker baby cart
Lloyd Loom 1930s wicker couch
1930s Lloyd Loom wicker couch
Art Deco paper wicker rocker
Art Deco painted paper wicker rocker
1930s stick wicker
1930s Stick Wicker

RELATED: How to Care for Your Wicker Furniture

I hope you’ve enjoyed learning about the three primary wicker furniture industry eras of the Victorian, Turn of the Century and the Machine Age. Check out the Wicker Furniture FAQ page if you have questions about your wicker furniture, too.

If you’d like to read some of the older Wednesday Wicker Wisdom posts, you can click on the link or visit the Wicker Wisdom category in the right sidebar and you’ll come up with quite a few. Enjoy!

Please share this article with your friends, family and social networks and tell me in the comments below about any wicker furniture you may have in your family.

About The Author

8 thoughts on “Three Primary Wicker Furniture Eras”

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    Carl Laitenberger

    Hello; I just rescued a wicker sofa from a garage which was about to get demolished. It’s brown with a series of three green diamonds running the width of the back. After having read your post here I’ve learned that it’s likely from the 1930s, and is made of twisted paper wicker. It’s in good shape but there are two or three places where the wicker has unraveled, and there are wear spots wear the color is gone. Where can I go to learn about touching up the color, and how do I fix the small unraveled areas. The couch looks great and is usable now, but I would like to make it even better. It still has the original upholstery on the spring frame seats. It was protected by the three generations of upholstery that had been built up on top of it.

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      Hello Carl,

      It’s great that you saved the wicker couch from being destroyed, way to go! Sounds like you have an art deco, paper fibre wicker couch from the 1930s as you’ve discovered. To make repairs on these types of wicker pieces is not usually too difficult.

      You will need to purchase the same type of materials and make sure to follow the exact same design and pattern as the old one before you removed it. And then paint the repair spots to match the rest of the piece. Be sure to take lots of pictures before you begin making the repairs so you will be able to replicate the pattern.

      Purchase your supplies from any of the great businesses listed on my Cane & Basket Supplies Directory™ and you can purchase the definitive wicker repair book called, How to Buy and Restore Wicker Furniture by Thomas Duncan from my (affiliate) Amazon Store.

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    Thanks so much for this! My mom has a wicker chair she got in the 1980s from a woman who was cleaning out her attic and she recently gave it to me. It was a staple in my house growing up and she rocked all the grandkids in it. I have had the hardest time finding it, even dating it, and your blog helped me a ton! I will be checking out the rest of your site for more info as I work toward refinishing this chair! Thank you!

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    We bought a settee – couch with two wicker rockers from a gentlemen who said that it had been his grandmothers and he believed it was from at least the 1920’s as he has photos of her sitting on it during that time period. It has springs in the seat area and has the diamond pattern woven in it. The chairs are rockers. It has very little damage to the wicker and may need some springs repaired. We live in the Fayetteville Arkansas area and would like to know if you have any references for someone who could help us with some restoration. It is all white and very pretty.

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      Hi Susan,

      How wonderful that you have the provenance regarding your wicker purchase! Usually, the inner springs in removable seat cushions were used in the wicker furniture made during the 1930s but it’s possible that yours might have been made during the late 1920s.

      Since 2004, I’ve had a National Furniture Repair Directory™ set up on my site which lists repair experts from all over the country in the fields of Wicker, Caning, Refinishing and Upholstery. You can find the Furniture Repair Directory™ at the top of every page in the navigation area.

      Be sure to check both the Wicker, Chair Caning, and Upholstery categories since there’s cross-over between disciplines. So happy to be of help for you here, Susan. Thanks for visiting my site and reading the blog!

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    Robyn Ballentine

    I have morethan a truck load of basket weaving materials… everything from kits to bases to handles to reeds to things to decorate them and patterns galore… looking for someone to buy it all.. 8562379930. Thank you Robyn

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      Robyn, have you checked with the many basketweaving guilds to see if their members would like to buy your stock of weaving materials? Go to my Links page of Basket Guilds where you’ll find a list of guilds across the US and some in Canada too. You didn’t mention what state you live in, but most states have basketry guilds. Hope you find someone! http://www.WickerWoman.com/links/basket-guilds

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